The New Work of Building Civic Practice

This post was originally published by on July 8, 2012.

By Michael Rohd, CPCP Founding Artist


Recently, my father asked me what I’m trying to do with regard to my work in Civic Practice. I told him—

“I think we’ve got a lot of challenges these days, in pretty much every private and public sector in this country, and I think artists are a massive untapped resource that could help in surprising and meaningful ways.”

He assumed I meant that by making plays about these challenges, artists could aim the attention of audiences at issues and potential solutions. While I love plays, and sometimes make plays, I told him that wasn’t what I meant.

“I want to help expand the body of practitioners and advocates who recognize the possibility of, and value in, different kinds of partnerships between artists and members of their community.”

My father is a retired lawyer who serves as a volunteer attorney at a legal clinic operated by the University of Maryland School of Law in downtown Baltimore. To try and give a specific example, I asked him about the clinic, and what he feels they need to better accomplish their mission. He said they need to get the word out, especially in West Baltimore, about the services they offer and make the case (no pun intended) that they are a free, valuable community resource. I responded by saying-

“How would you feel about working with a theater artist who would partner with you to strategize increasing your relationships and visibility in West Baltimore?”

He asked if I meant fliers, or other marketing strategies. I said I did not.

He asked how, then, might an artist help make the clinic’s work more visible and accessible?



Arts organizations do not have to engage with non-arts partners solely through a lens of project-based needs.  

Currently, within institutional theater organizations, community partnerships are most frequently developed to implement programming that surrounds mainstage productions. That programming exists to deepen dramaturgical reach and impact of the work selected and presented by the artists. Institutions sometimes retain partners beyond singular projects, returning to them for help on other projects when content seems aligned with the partner’s constituency or mission. These partnerships are valuable; they can effectively build new relationships around meaningful, shared interests, and they help arts organizations broaden the scope of their presence in their local communities. But, they operate in a mode of discourse closer to a monologue than a dialogue. The initiating impulse – the voice that puts out the call, so to speak- is the artist. The non-arts partner has a choice—listen, respond, or not. But rarely does the invitation to conversation, to co-creation, come from the partner.

I think, as artists and organizers involved in a collaborative form that demands, arguably, one skill above all others, we are at a moment where we can put that skill to new use. That skill is listening, and we can radically alter our role in our communities if we employ it with greater intentionality and generosity. Arts organizations do not have to engage with non-arts partners solely through a lens of project-based needs. Partnerships can be relationship-based, and projects can originate from a different type of exchange. Producing new work for/in the theater does not have to only mean making new plays. It can mean producing new relationships, producing new forms of events and processes, producing new ways of crossing disciplinary and sector boundaries.



Lately, as an extension of Sojourn Theatre’s long-term exploration of relationship-based work, and as part of the Center for Performance and Civic Practice’s initial activities, I’ve begun to define Civic Practice as activity where a theater artist employs the assets of his/her craft in response to the needs of non-arts partners as determined through ongoing, relationship-based dialogue. It’s the intersection of two sets of content. Let’s call them an x axis and a y axis.

The x axis is theater activity that is not limited to the production of plays, but rather is a set of tools, of assets, that theater artists have access to because of our experience in producing plays (and performance). We bring these assets to the table, any table, where we are invited.

Some of these tools are:

  • The ability to design and lead a process where collaborative activity leads to decision-making and shared investment;
  • The ability to conceptualize and execute a public event on a specific timeline;
  • The ability to synthesize complex content into meaning that can be articulated and understood;
  • The ability to problem-solve;
  • The ability to turn diverse stakeholders with varied self interests into coalitions.

We bring these tools of dramaturgy and process to our own spaces. We can bring them and apply them in other spaces—spaces where artistic expression is not the core mission.

The y axis is a set of needs, or desired outcomes, that we might encounter at those non arts-based spaces—if we listen. These desired outcomes offer clear starting impulses for collaborative partnership work. They are:

  • Advocacy—help increase visibility and propel mission/message;
  • Dialogue—bring diverse groups into meaningful exchange with each other;
  • Story-Sharing—gather and share narratives from a particular population or around a particular topic;
  • Civic Application—engage the public and decision-makers together in acts of problem-solving and crafting vision;
  • Cross-Sector Innovation—leverage skills and experience from different fields or disciplines to create and manifest new knowledge.

Articulated in another way, some needs of non-arts partners may be described as:

  • Building a framework for dialogue around polarizing issues;
  • Acknowledging varied self interests while building coalitions;
  • Developing communications strategies for internal and external stakeholders;
  • Re-making how site or space is perceived and experienced.

The x axis are the tools.

The y axis are the needs.

Civic Practice is what can happen where and when they purposefully intersect.

I am not suggesting that artists should be selflessly in service to whatever outcome any community partner desires. As with any collaboration, values must have some alignment. Conversations must reveal some mutual goals. Activity evolves from a shared, generous curiosity and a co-investment in public work. And at the root of this body of practice is the need to listen, over time, so as to discover how the artist assets and the partner needs may serve each other in surprising moments and previously unimagined forms.



(there are so many out there—these are a few that get at diversity of initiating impulse, institution, form and geographic region.)

  • Appalshop’s Thousand Kites is a national dialogue project addressing the criminal justice system.
  • Los Angeles Poverty Department’s long-time work advocating for and working with homeless collaborators on Skid Row.
  • Ping Chong and Company’s Undesirable Elements Series, now creating thematically specific story-sharing models based on the needs of partners that contact them, such as their Secret Survivors Production.
  • Marty Pottenger’s work as full-time artist in residence for the City of Portland, Maine learning the needs of those at work in Municipal Government and creating programming with Civic Application.
  • Sojourn Theater’s work with the New River Valley Planning Commission and Virginia Tech in five rural Virginia Counties using part of Sojourn’s interactive production built to make spaces for dialogue and create a Public Engagement tool with Civic Application.
  • Lookingglass Theater Company’s work in Chicago with Alzheimer’s patients and their caregivers using the power of Cross-Sector Innovation to address challenging health and long term care issues.

& at Universities:

  • A theater graduate student in Illinois working with a Muslim Student Association to develop a performance/installation event focusing on image and cultural identity;
  • A theater graduate student in Maryland working with an LGBTQ Center to conceptualize a one-day event that merges spectacle, participation and construction tasks to raise visibility and make a safe space more welcoming.



Since theater institutions began to grow Education Departments decades ago, the term “teaching artist” has become a common title for actors, playwrights, directors, devisers, designers and other theater artists who spend some portion of their time, and receive some portion of their income, working with people (most often young people) in a massive variety of learning contexts. Whether they are teaching the skills of the artistic discipline, using integrated performance tactics to deepen other curricular areas, or creating theater events and workshops to help schools examine and discuss challenging social and cultural subject matter, these teaching artists are using the assets listed on the x-axis above. And, they are consummate listeners. The best of them are ever sensitive to the needs of partner organizations and the shifting energies of the individuals with whom they collaborate/teach/guide. In other words, we already have a skilled (and under-utilized) legion of artists in our midst who can help pave the way for Civic Practice as a field-wide endeavor.

In addition, there are many, many theater practitioners who have never taught, but are hungry for the type of engaged work that Civic Practice offers them and have the skills to undertake that work meaningfully. University theater programs across the country are seeing exponential growth in demand for courses that deal with civic engagement, community-based practice, site-based collaborations and applied theater. In fact, the field of Applied Theater is swiftly gaining traction in this country after years of use overseas, subsuming terms and areas that came before it. The challenge of the trending term "applied" is that it suggests those who "use" theater tactics for something other than (though perhaps inclusive of) the creation and presenting of performance are in the "service" game, while those who "make and show" are in the "art" game. But our field needs the strengths of varied impulses and the strategies of all forms to cross-pollinate, spiritually as well as aesthetically. The hybrids at the intersection of civic life and artistic activity offer us, individually and as a community of practitioners, the potential to make our arts organizations truly central to the vitality of community life in new and deeply impactful ways.

We can engage with civic, business, social service, community, health, education and faith-based partners in ways that are relationship specific and have as starting impulses not just the content we the arts organizations have chosen for presentation but a broad spectrum of activity that places the assets of creativity and collaboration in service to and in partnership with collaborators old and new. There is capacity building to do in our field; around skills, partnerships and leadership. By doing that work, we can, as specific organizations and as a field:

  • Build an increased pool of stakeholders and an expanded  spectrum of what participation in the arts means;
  • Offer new and meaningful opportunities for artists to invest in their communities, practice their art, and build demand for creative public activity;
  • Increase demand for the assets that artists bring to community settings beyond the sites where art is traditionally contained and presented.



My father asked me— how could a theater artist help make the clinic’s work more visible and accessible?

I told him—
“With partners in West Baltimore who wanted to act as hosts and believed in the services the clinic offers, a partner artist could work to help shape public conversations and develop interesting, creative ways to bring the clinic and community members in contact with each other. I don’t know what form imaginative acts or expressive actions might take in this specific instance. But a theater artist drawn to this work is accustomed to shared, collaborative goals, has experience in creating inclusive process, and most importantly, knows what they don’t know, and how to know more. By listening.”



Producing new work does not have to only mean making new plays. And our new work practice, it can excel not just in the caliber of our expression but in the quality of our listening. If we can accomplish that, we model what civic life today desperately needs—a practice that places dialogue ahead of monologue, imagination at the heart of problem—solving, and listening equal in value to expression.